The Royal Chitwan National Park belongs to the most popular Wildlife National parks in Nepal. It was declared a National Park in 1973 and declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984. It has a particularly rich flora and fauna. One of the last populations of Single-horned Asiatic Rhinoceroslives in the park, which is also one of the last refuges of the Bengal Tiger.
Covering an area of 932 km2, the park is also the home of 56 different mammals, incl. the Leopard, Sloth Bear, wild Elephants, Striped Hyenas, the Ganges River Dolphin, wild Bison, Bengal Fox, Spotted Linsang, Clouded Leopards, etc. Besides the King Cobra and the Tigerpyhtoen there lives another 17 species of Snakes, Elongated Tortoise, Bengal Monitor Lizard and Marsh Crocodiles. In the year 2006, 543 different Bird species have been recorded in the National Park and 47 different species of Butterflies.
Chitwan is located in the south of Nepal to the Indian border, and thus has a subtropical climate. The park is the last surviving example of the natural ecosystems of the ‘Terai’ region and covers subtropical lowland, wedged between two east-west river valleys at the base of the Siwalik range of the outer Himalayas.